How Is a Dog Breed Created?

How Is A Dog breed created?

Have you ever wondered ‘How is a dog breed created by humans?’? Well, creating a new dog breed requires careful planning, preparation, and effort. It is a complex process that one should not take lightly since wrongful breeding can ruin breeds and make it impossible to “unbreed” genetic defects.

This article explores how a new dog breed is created by humans. The process requires an understanding of complex canine genetics and selective breeding. Only by adhering to these steps can breeders ensure that only the best traits are passed on to the new breed.

Let us dive into the steps responsible breeders follow when they create a new dog breed.

How is a Dog breed Created? Steps to Create a Dog Breed

how is a dog breed created by humans
Tibetan mastiff dog breed

Determine The Desired Traits and Purpose of the Breed

This step requires a thorough knowledge of canine genetic traits and an understanding of recessive and dominant genes. The best dog breeders understand that certain traits are determined by multiple genes, making the breeding process elusive.

Ethical breeders thoroughly assess the desired traits and purpose of the breed they wish to create. They clearly define the desired traits of the offspring, including size, coat type, temperament, etc.

For example, if a dog trainer is aiming to create a working dog breed, they may look to mate dogs having traits like intelligence, agility, and drive. On the other hand, if they are creating a companion dog breed, they might select parent dog breeds that are friendly, affectionate and have adaptable temperaments.

Perform a Pedigree Analysis

This step is vital for breeders to understand the parent dogs’ traits and genetics. To track a dog’s pedigree status, a breeder will have to study its traits across multiple generations. This step helps them know which genetic diseases, coat patterns, behaviours, and temperaments are prevalent in the breed.

If the breeders notice the same health issues in many dogs of the same lineage, then there is a high chance that those diseases may be passed down to the offspring. This knowledge is important to help them breed selectively so they can create healthier, happier new dog breeds.

Select the Parent Dogs

This step involves choosing parent dog breeds with complementary traits. Firstly, the parent dogs should be compatible in size. This is crucial to avoid complications during pregnancy. The female dog should always be larger than the stud dog to avoid birthing complications.

Secondly, the dogs should have complementary temperaments. For example, crossbreeding a calm dog breed with a high-energy dog breed could help balance out the energy in the new dog breed. Breeding dogs with behaviour problems such as resource guarding and reactivity will produce such traits in the offspring and should be avoided.

Assess The Dogs’ Behaviours and Temperaments

dog breed
Japanese Akita

Breeders often spend time with the individual dogs to understand their behaviours, temperaments, and socialisation skills. They then assess how the dogs are with other dogs, people, and children. This is important to get firsthand experience and valuable insights into a dog’s personality.

Conduct Health Screenings and Genetic Tests

Dog breeders also evaluate the health and pedigree of the breeding dogs. This helps ensure the parent dogs are free from genetic issues. 

How is a dog breed created? Develop a Breeding Programme and Maintain Records

Once the initial breeding yields successful results, breeders continue breeding selectively to ensure genetic diversity. This helps reduce the risk of inherited diseases and increases the breed’s overall health. They choose puppies that meet the desired criteria for further breeding.

Breeders also maintain detailed records of each breeding, including parentage, health records, and observed traits.

Good breeders also prevent inbreeding, as this practice can result in diseases in puppies.

Establish Breeding Standards

creating a dog breed
Anatolian Shepherd dog breed

Dog breeders establish the desired physical traits in the new breed. This includes size, coat colours, length of hair, texture, etc. 

They also establish the desired temperament traits in the breed. This includes assessing:

  • How energetic and active it is
  • How motivated and self-assured it is
  • How responsive it is to dog training
  • How friendly and social it is
  • The nervous sensitivity in the breed.

Prepare Documentation to Get the Breed Recognised

Ethical dog breeders then prepare a detailed document detailing the breeding process. They enlist the breeding standards and physical and behavioural traits as well as the pedigrees of initial breeding pairs.

They also include detailed health tests and genetic test records as well as the purpose behind their breeding programme in their reports. The documents also depict the breeder’s strict adherence to the Kennel Club/registry’s guidelines which helps showcase them as responsible and ethical breeders.

Good breeders always comply with the registry’s requirements and provide clear, organised, and transparent information to facilitate the process of breed recognition.

Strive to Improve the Breed Standards

Once the dog breed is approved by the registry or the Kennel Club, good breeders continue to strive for the breed’s welfare and improvement. They avoid inbreeding and continuously evaluate the outcomes of their breeding programme. Accordingly, they make changes to to improve the breed quality.

Promote The Breed

how to create a dog breed
Dachshund dog breed

Dog breeders are also required to promote the breed and spread awareness about it. The do so by attending canine shows and dog events. They also use online platforms to educate the public about the breed. 

It is important that they establish a relationship with their potential buyers and provide detailed information about the dog breed’s traits, care guidelines, etc.

FAQs – How is a Dog Breed Created?

How are crossbreed dogs made?

Breeders create crossbreed dogs by mating two purebred dogs or from several generations of dogs that were originally made using two purebred dogs.

Can a dog be 3 different breeds?

A crossbreed dog is a dog having two purebred parents. A mixed dog could have three or more different dog breeds in its lineage.

How many breeds can a dog be mixed with?

You can mix a dog with any number of dog breeds. Each pairing will result in unique traits and characteristics.

Conclusion – How is a dog breed created?

how dogs were created
Akita Inu dog breed

Canine genetics is an interesting but complex tapestry. Creating a new dog breed requires a thorough understanding of complex canine genetics. Responsible dog breeders only create a new dog breed keeping the welfare of the dogs at the forefront. They strictly adhere to canine club and registry guidelines and create detailed reports of their breeding programme to show the same.

So how is a dog breed created? A dog breed is created by organised breeders who keep records and thoughtfully plan each mating to produce a dog that has a distinct look, health and temperament.

We hope this brief guide gives you an insight into the steps involved in creating a new dog breed.



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Hi! I’m Tres! I’m passionate about dog behaviour and training. My dog training methods are effective for all breeds and goals. I have trained dogs for protection, obedience, manners, loose leash walking, crate training and have solved common behaviour problems such as reactivity, barking, separation anxiety and more. Let’s connect, sign up to my free newsletter (above) for helpful tips and upcoming training events.
dog trainer Sydney

Hi! I’m Tres! I’m passionate about dog behaviour and training. My dog training methods are effective for all breeds and goals. I have trained dogs for protection, obedience, manners, loose leash walking, crate training and have solved common behaviour problems such as reactivity, barking, separation anxiety and more. Let’s connect, sign up to my free newsletter (above) for helpful tips and upcoming training events.
dog trainer Sydney

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