There are four quadrants of operant conditioning that influence how dogs learn. Many dog training methods use a combination of positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, positive punishment and negative punishment. Force-free trainers prefer to use positive reinforcement and occasionally negative punishment. Understanding operant conditioning provides insight into how dogs learn and how we can create an environment conducive to learning.
The fastest way to potty train a puppy is to establish a solid routine. You can start from as young as 8 weeks old; in fact, the best breeders will start toilet training their puppies from 3 weeks of age. These will be the easiest dogs to potty train. Sadly, the hardest dogs to potty train are from puppy farms or backyard breeders. These puppies will often sleep, eat and play in their poop and pee.